Monday, September 10, 2012



If Elizabeth Pryor could tell Robert E Lee one thing, it might be this: " Please, please, burn your slave ledgers and dirty letters" He would have, if he could have.

The author -- Elizabeth Pryor -- third from left in this picture.

These are the trunks that stored Lee's slave ledgers and bounty hunter letters




Did you ever see a picture of one of Lee's light skinned -- white looking - slave girls?


 Some, like the child above, looked as white as most whites do.

Lee owned -- according to his own records -- the highest number of white looking slave girls in the US. Pryor tells that that over half  OVER HALF -- of Lee's slaves were mulatto, a stunningly high number, and percentage.

 Bet you had no idea that Lee owned slave girls so light skinned, he himself wrote they could pass for white.



Pryor tells us -- artfully, in a way not to shock the shit out of her readers -- that over half of Lee's slaves, according to his own records, were mullato (lighter skinned).

Some women were so light skinned, they could pass for white.  Lee mentioned there were slave women that could pass for white, in one of his letters.

Here is a clue -- if you can pass for white, you are white.   There is not a genetic test that, even now, can tell if you are a slave, a black person, or a white person.  

So -- Lee owned white looking slaves. Yes, he did.



During Lee's life - no one claimed he didn't own slaves. No one claimed his "servants"  loved him so much they refused to leave when freed. 

Dozens of books, however, in the 1880's and 1890's, capitalized on the nostalgia for adoration of Confederate leaders.   Almost hilariously, the books had to have more goofy preposterous things to say about Lee, than the other guy.

For example, John Cooke came up with the goofy story that Lee -- and all his staff officers-- would dismount during battle, as bombs blew up around them, and stood in "profound respect"  as someone would pray.

No one said a thing about that at the time -- none of the staff officers mentioned it. 

Who in their right mind gets off their horse and stands in silence, with dozen or two dozen other officers, as bombs blow up around them?  Not LEE!!  Lee was "well in the rear" anyway.   I

 Fittingly, a John Cooke prize is given even now -- to authors who conjure up the most effusive bullshit about Lee.  It's rather like a Monty Python or Alice in Wonderland spook, but this crap is taught as factual.

 When bounty hunters brought to Lee black women -- kidnapped from the North, Lee did not rush out and go "Oh my God, you poor child. You are not an escaped slave. You are a free girl from the North. I will have you taken immediately back to your loved ones. I am so sorry"

Lee took a different approach.

He bought the women, turned them into slaves.

And he would do that, on much larger scale, during the Civil War. 

Lee is the only soldier in US history, to have civilians rounded up during a war, taken to another country, and there, sold as slaves.  







In the typical Lee biography,  the language is necessarily double speak, even Orwellian.

For example, Pryor and others will tell you Lee took much time off from the military to "manage"  the "plantation".

But in candid, honest terms, manage slaves meant this -- sell these slaves (yes, Lee sold slaves)  buy others, "discipline" others.  Put fear in the hearts and minds.

Lee stated in his own letter (that some use, idiotically, to prove Lee was anti slavery) that pain was necessary for their instruction.

Slaves "must endure painful discipline"   Pain is "necessary for their instruction".

In the bizzaro world of history bullshit, you can take one disingenous sentence, ignore all the other sentences Lee wrote, ignore his slave ledgers, the newspapers, the letters to and from bounty hunters, and claim that proves Lee was against slavery.

Lee was very very much "into" slavery. 

Lee personally suggested places for bounty hunters to look, and apparently sent the bounty hunters on long trips- -into the North. 

Yes, the North is where the escaped slaves would go, and yes, the Fugative Slave Act required the Northern authorities to return the escaped slaves.

But if Lee was anti slavery -- why on earth did he have bounty hunters go on long trips to capture them.

Pryor tells that Lee, at one time, had 12 escaped slaves -- but he may have had many more at various times.  According to Pryor, Lee's slaves hated and feared him, called him "the worst man we ever knew".

Just in case you think Lee's slaves loved him - hell no.  That is not reflected in his own slave ledgers and letters.

Lee may or may not have personally tortured the slave girls, but he did taunt the girls before the torture, and scream at them during the torture, according to accounts at the time.  Those accounts are validated- - remember that - validated by Lee's own papers, Pryor tells us.  Exactly what she found, Pryor is rather coy about.  But she did admit the newspapers were validated by each other, and by Lee's own paperwork.

 And by discipline,as you will see, Lee meant whip. In fact, as Pryor so artfully relates, in a way that doesn't scare the shit out of readers, one of the first things Lee did when he took over "management" of the slaves, was to install a whipping post. 

That's right, Lee had a whipping post installed. No doubt, the slaves themselves had to build and install their own device, to be tortured.  And torture is the right word. 


Lee was a "Planter"  Lee "managed"  his servants.   

Pryor tells us -- "All Lee ever wanted to be, was a Planter"

Planter is Orwellian double speak for slave owner.   Lee not only never planted anything-- his cash crop was not cotton or vegetables or chickens.  His cash crop was HUMAN BEINGS -- their flesh, and their labor.

 Most people assume - wrongly -- that Lee must have grown food, cotton, or tobacco.  To the extent his slaves grew any of that, Lee's ledgers -- and Pryor could show this -- show Lee's rentals and sales of slaves, purchases of slaves, farming out this slave or that, was how he got his money.

And yes, Lee used slave auctions.   Pryor admits that, too, but as she does everything, in a way not to stun the shit out of anyone.

No.  As you will see, Pryor tells us nearly everything, in a very "uncandid"  way -- but no one else came close to telling us what Lee actually did, in clever ways, or not.

 Some biographies of Lee claim he didn't even own any -- they got that information from others, who said the same thing.

But Lee not only had slaves, Lee was very much into selling, renting, and getting more slaves.   That's the kind of information in his slave ledgers and bounty hunter letters.

  " Pryor tells us nearly everything, in a very "uncandid"  way -- but no one else came close to telling us what Lee actually did, in clever ways, or not"


As we learn from Lee's own papers, Lee turned free women INTO slaves.  He bought women from bounty hunters, who captured luckless free blacks in the North, on their trips to capture escaped slaves.

The bounty hunters didn't really care if the woman they captured was an escaped slave, or not.   Thousands of free blacks were captured -- kidnapped really -- and sold to men like Lee , and to Lee specifically.

Lee's papers show that. In the most artful doubletalk of her book, Pryor relates that Lee paid for "others".  He paid the bounty hunters for capturing escaped slaves (and he paid much higher prices, 600% higher prices, for escaped girls) and he paid for "others".

Others -- others. Lee paid for others.   Very clever. 


So polished -- so smooth -- is Pryor's prose, that no reviewer of her work seemed to notice, much less mention -- why not just show the ledgers?    Why not show or quote Lee verbatum.

For example, Pryor relates Lee paid for "others".   She could have said something like "In Lee's letter to his Bounty Hunter Toombs, and in his slave ledger, Lee records 2,000 dollar payment for capture of the following slaves, and 450 dollars for purchase of the following blacks that were not slaves".

There is material -- Lee's own handwritten material -- for all of this.  Pryor choses never to show it, or mention it in a candid, stark, but honest way. 

But Pryor would never be candid -- at all - about the documents she reports on.   She refused to even call his slave ledgers by their candid name -- slave ledgers.  She calls them, and refers only once, to "monthly account books".


Monthly "account" books, receipts, letters to bounty hunters, letters to and from assorted women (Lee wrote a "number" of women, for decades, and some were sexually explicit) 

If Lee had destroyed his slave ledgers, dirty letters, bounty hunter letters..we would never know 

The myth of Lee would still be a  travesty to the women he tortured, the children he sold, the women he turned into slaves.

Yes, Lee turned free women INTO slaves -- as you will see.  His bounty hunters were not picky -- they would search for escaped slaves, but bring him "others"  according to his slave ledgers.   See how Pryor handles that below.

She told us -- but in a clever and diplomatic way.  Doubtless she was not about to infuriate the Lee family. She worked literally side by side with the Lee family, in a sense, she worked for the Lee family.



The "OTHERS"  Lee got from bounty hunters were black women living in the North, free women.   People today are almost clueless that in Northern Virginia (Lee lived only 2 miles from the White House)  buying kidnapped women, and men, was a business opportunity.

Men like Lee, who claimed  God ordained slavery (see below) and that he was doing the black a favor by enslaving them, did not think it horrible to accept black women from bounty hunters. As bounty hunters rode up to Lee's plantation, their slaves and "others" in chains walking along, Lee did not rush out and go "Oh my God, you poor child. You are not an escaped slave. You are a free girl from the North.  I will have you taken immediately back to your loved ones. I am so sorry".

No -- Lee took a different approach.  He bought them.

But Pryor does tell us he paid for "others".  She would not list their names, though she could have.  She would not list the prices Lee paid, though she could have.


Yes, Lee was one of those men, according to his slave ledgers.

And why not?  If God -- as he said -- ordained slavery.  If GOD delivered the other blacks to him, this was "Providence"  



Pryor had a problem -- the "horrors"  she saw in his slave ledgers, (she even calls them horrors)  are not what she expected, and not what the Lee family hired her to do.

Pryor worked literally with the Lee family and Virginia Historical society, on this project.

The project was to do a review of the hand written papers Lee did not destroy himself, and which the family kept in two trunks.

Scholars knew of the trunks -- and wanted to get their hands on them for 100 years.  But as you will see, there were good reason not to show the papers to the public.

And they STILL won't show those papers to the public.

Instead, the Lee family allowed one person to actually study those papers for months. 


It's likely the Lee family had little idea what the hell were in the papers, if a scholar like Pryor got them, and could correlate, for example, newspapers from the era, and dated papers in Lee's own handwriting.

For example, no doubt Pryor already knew of newspaper reports of Lee's amazingly cruel torture of slave girls -- and his capture of free black women in the North (yes, in the North) that Lee ordered. Lee had his soldiers gather black men, women, and children, regardless if they were free or slaves, regardless of anything.   There is no dispute whatsoever that Lee had his men capture hundreds of free blacks in the North during his invasion of Pennsylvania -- and that those blacks were taken to slave auction,  where they were sold.

Who got the money from selling that flesh -- Pryor did not say.  But she might well have known, there might well be entries in Lee's ledgers.  


 But thru the magic of repeating bullshit, a man who had slave girls tortured, a man who bought kidnapped free black women from the North, and turned them into slaves (yes he did)  and a man who essentially wrote that God wanted him to inflict pain on slaves,  turns  by repeating bullshit, into a "great man of GOD, who was against slavery".  

No, Lee was not against slavery. His actions and letters (read the full letters) show Lee defended slavery, and defended the torture of slaves, with a religious tenacity.   Others did the same thing -- but Lee did it on bigger scale.  Lee used bounty hunters, then later soldiers, to grab free blacks in the North.

This is not the only time, nor is Lee the only person, to be entirely different in the myth made up by others. Nor will he be the last.



Most people today have no clue that Newspapers at the time reported Lee's torture of slave girls.   

Not that whipping a slave girl made the papers-- but Lee ordered his regular overseer to whip the girl, and the oversee refused because she was so young.

So called historians -- who could recite every line of Lee's myth -- naturally refused to believe those papers, if they ever even knew about them.

But Pryor -- who had Lee's slave ledgers and letters to/ from bounty hunters, confirmed Lee did indeed record, on those dates, information in his own handwriting, that verified the tortures. 

To her credit -- and rather surprisingly -- Pryor makes it emphatic, Lee's own handwritten entries in slave legers and letters, validate the story of the torture of this girl.  Pryor blames the girl -- Lee had every right to protect his property, seems to be Pryor's justification.

Pryor also notes, elsewhere in the book, that torture -- physical torture (painful discipline) was not unusual.  Lee's "prefered" way to "discipline" the slaves was the whip.   He had other ways -- chemical torture (really) like pouring salt on open wounds.

As an eye witness to the girl's torture stated --and he was there -- Lee did it to increase her pain,  but to keep the scars, which would last for life, to a minumum. 

But Lee  had other tortures, as well, psychological terror -a woman could lose her child, a child lose their mother, as easily as Lee telling an overseer to take this child or mother to auction, or to send this mother or child to that plantation deep in the South, and Lee got the money.  Pryor notes that Lee would separate "families" which means, separate the mother from the child.  

Typically, a slave child did not know who the father was, and the biological father was, often as not, a white man at Arlington.   So when Pryor talks about breaking up families, she knew quite well the horror -- Lee sold the mother or the child.

She could have been more clear about what she found, and show us, quote the material verbatum.  There is a very good reason she never did that, on any of the "horrors" --the vile nature of what she found in the slave ledgers and bounty hunter letters, were too vile for her to be candid about.

She did the best she could.


Pryor would not show you any of Lee's papers, except for things that did not tell you anything important.,  Lee's drawing of a pump, she included.   What she mentioned, but did not show pictures of, Lee's whipping posts, and his slave ledgers.   

Still, no one else even hinted at the things Pryor revealed, no matter how artful, how Orwellian, her double speak, she is the first in US history to reveal dozens of facts,  that no one even imagined before.

Purchase of free women, kidnapped in the North?  Yes, he did, he bought such women from bounty hunters.

Did you hear that in your "history" class?  

Hell no.

Yet, you never even heard that Lee's slave's skin tone -- white in come cases -- was an issue.  Pryor's book tells us that, and much much more, in a very careful way.

More people know the name of Robert E Lee's pet chicken than know he had girls captured and tortured.

Which is more informative, more important, to know the character of a man?  To know the name of his pet chicken (Pearl)  or know who he tortured, and why, and what he did during the torture of girls so small, his regular "torture guy"  refused to whip her.

Let me repeat that -- Lee had a girl tortured that was so small, so young, his regular guy refused to whip her. Lee had to hire a nearby bounty hunter, to whip her.

How do we know?  From his slave ledgers.  He validated --  yes, Lee's own slave ledgers, in his own handwriting, validated the overlapping newspaper reports of his torture.

The news of Lee torturing a slave girl, only made the paper because his regular guy refused to whip her.  Whipping a slave girl was not news.  But the fact his regular guy said no - that was news. 

Pryor's book -- see the book described more below -- could have opened with the story of Lee's torture of slaves, and particularly the torture of one special girl.   Pryor could have -- and should have -- shown us the actual letters and slave ledger entries.   


Pryor, however, was not out to defame, or even besmirch Lee.  Quite the opposite.  She worked, literally, with the Lee family and Virginia Historical society.   Both those groups exist to praise Lee, and Pryor was not about to bite, or even offend, the hand that fed her.   You can (and many do) read her book and not notice the tortures, and you could be completely oblivious to her admission Lee bought free woman from kidnappers, that they caught in the North.  Not escaped slaves, he bought OTHERS too.


There are a thousand ways Pryor could have relayed the information, such as the tortures, and Lee's purchase of kidnapped women. 

  Pryor told you of the tortures, rapes, purchases of kidnapped women.  She told you about his dirty letters, about how he ordered men to shoot other confederate soldier in battles who ran away, she told you all kinds of things.

But she told you in careful ways.   Certainly, Pryor would not let you visualize Lee's torture of slave girls, by showing you a picture of one of the whipped slaves.    She would not make it clear Lee bought women from kidnappers -- yes, kidnappers, who grabbed free women from the North.

She simply, and artfully, wrote the words "and others"  when telling about Lee's bounty hunters returning from the North with escaped slaves.  Pryor wrote that "technically, Lee may have violated the law".  

Clever that.  She even tried to get you to feel sorry for Lee -- claiming Lee "failed to fill out the time consuming paperwork".  Poor Bobby, all that nasty paper work, so "time consuming" you know.

He had purchased women from the North -- and he would do much the same during the Civil War (see below).  Pryor was not going to show you the tortures, beatings, chains, and horrors of what Lee did.  She would tell you by saying  "time consuming paperwork".

So Pryor actually went beyond Orwellian double speak, and she knew she had.  This was the most vile thing Pryor found-  his purchase of free women. She had no practical choice but to write this way, because she worked literally with the Lee family and Virginia historical socieity.

Most people know that bounty hunters grabbed free blacks in the North -- and sold them in the South.   Lee was one of the buyers, according to his own records.

you visualize, not let you grasp, what the hell she was talking about.  You may not even notice Lee had slave girls tortured -- but he most certainly did, and verified it himself.   But the way Pryor wrote about Lee purchase of "others" -  she had to have stayed up some nights, trying to figure out  how to do that, in a "non-judgmental"   way.

She did it, of course, by leaving out the candid facts, and not letting you, or anyone, know what exactly he wrote down about it. 


Consider this -- Pryor did not make things up out of thin air.  For her to actually write any combination of words, about his purchase of "others"  that his bounty hunters captured in the North, means almost certainly that Pryor did not want to include that, but the entries his slave ledgers and or, his own words in his own hand written letters, made it undeniable.


All oppressions are tied to Orwellian bullshit.  Lee himself justified torture- -and yes, torture is the right word -- by claiming pain was "necessary for their instruction"  and that God "knew and intended"   they "must endure"  that pain.

Tortured -- that's the right word.  He had them tortured, while he screamed at them.  He taunted them first.  And he had other physical tortures, applied after the whipping.

In fact, Lee's slaves said "He was the worst man we ever knew."

Contrary to the nonsense that Lee's "servants" would not leave when he granted them their freedom (he never did such a thing)  Lee's slaves --dozens of them, perhaps over 50, tried to escape. Judging by the expense he paid, and the cruelty he showed, to escaped slave women, Lee took it personally when a female, yes female, escaped.

She may well be his blood relative, too.

George Mason, founding Father, wrote that men (like Lee) who were raised from birth to see slaves as subservient beings who deserved torture, were sociopaths (he used the vernacular of the day of course) and predicted they would cause a violent calamity for the United States, in the future.

He could not have been more correct.  Interesting as hell, Pryor included this fact in her book -- about LEE.  Pryor did not have to even mention what Mason thought, or said,  But she did.   Why mention Mason, at all?

Alan Nolan told us 20 years ago, essentially, we need to "start over" about Lee, because what passed for "scholarship" about Lee, was nothing of the sort.    He  could not know how right he was. 


Pryor does tell us Lee paid over 600% more for escaped women, than men.  And the highest prices-- were apparently for 14 year old girls, or smaller.   Like all things, Pryor had his slave ledgers, she could have, and should have, shown those, and shown the information she saw that let her arrive at the conclusion.

She didn't show it. And she was artful in how she told anything.  But no one else even hinted as such things.

 After you learn how rapes were common at Arlington, you may put 50 dollars and 50 dollars together, and conjure up a financial reason Lee paid so much more for females. 
Dozens of his slaves tried to escape, though their tortures for doing so were horrific.   Lee's father had a slave girl hung for trying to escape, and Lee thought that was fine. 

How do we know?  He wrote it all down. He confirmed horrific things, he wrote prices down, he wrote instructions down, he wrote which slave should be sold, which slave should be tortured, which slave child should be sent to the deep South to punish which slave woman was "uppity".

Lee was no more cruel, perhaps, that other slavers.  Slavery was a violent enterprise, no matter what fucking bullshit you heard about "caring" slave owners.

The myth of Lee's "kindness" toward slaves is exactly as true as the overall myth of most things we learn about the South, leading up to the Civil War.

We all only know what we are told. And no one told us this. How else would we know? 



We can't be sure, of course. If we had a ten minute video of Lee at a slave auction (yes, he went to slave auctions, and apparently sold and bought flesh there), we would know what he laughed at, we would know what he said about the 14 year old girl he just purchased.   

Did he talk about the bust size of the girls he bought?  Did he comment on what he would do with them?   Did he inspect them for signs of whippings, rape?   

And yes, men like Lee did inspect slave girls, and buy them, based on their attractiveness.  Here is a dirty little secret.... lighter skinned slave girls were considered more attractive, more sexually attractive, and went for higher prices.

No one told you that, but this was known, and reported, at the time.  Yeah, yeah yeah, men like Lee would write letters about GOD and how God ordained slavery - but that was for show, to his own wife.  What was he saying at the moment of purchase?  

We don't have such video, but we do have his slave ledgers and dirty letters.

That's a start. 

Could not be, right? No way, right?   

No way Lee tortured girls. He didn't even own slaves, right?

 No way he had his bounty hunters, and later, soldiers, capture free women in the North to be turned into slaves. He was against slavery, right?

A bastion of spiritual insight?  A man of "great compassion"?  A man who cared more about  "bringing young men to Christ" than anything in the world?   Oh horseshit.

 We know the name of Lee's pet chicken!  So surely we would  learn of the tortures, the horrors he inflicted on women and children.   He was a GODLY man "who now sits next to Christ his Lord."

We know what Lee ate on a given day, we know how he was --above all -- devoted to "bring men to Christ".  That's all he care about in life "bringing men to Christ Jesus". 

Actual "historians" wrote that kind of  shit. And then others repeated it, endlessly, adding their own nonsense.  (To those of you who never knew historians are often full  of bullshit, and spread that bullshit proudly, not just about Lee, this may be a shock.)

But Lee's dirty letters, slave ledgers, letters to bounty hunters, completely and utterly make a mockery of such crap.   Elizabeth Pryor wrote a book about those documents, and you should read it, even though she wrote it, in the most careful way possible, to absolve or minimize the blame to Lee.

We know that Lee was "deeply spiritual man" who "turned to the bible for direction and purpose"  and was "loved by his men, and admired by everyone". 


Yes, "historians" will tell you such bullshit -- like the Pulitzer Prize winner, who told us Lee "now sits next to Christ, his Lord" in heaven.

Holy shit.  Maybe it's time we cared what the evidence showed, not what liars and dumb asses repeated.,



More books tell you Lee's (supposed) devout religious beliefs, than tell you Lee paid 600% higher prices for girls of a certain age, than for any male.

In a very real sense, almost every Lee biography is written by some ass wipe whose goal it is to praise Lee MORE than the others.   And worse, that passes for "scholarship" in the minds of the stupid.

I believed all that, believed Lee was against slavery, believed he  had no slaves, believed he was kind to his "servants" -- on and on.

Why not believe it?  Didn't they tell us that in school?  Did the biographers not tell us?  Did not the movies tell us?


In fact, you would be hard pressed to find any "history" teacher who could tell you that Lee wrote dirty letters to various women, for decades.  Nor could you find many, even if they wanted to, that could tell you that Lee had his soldiers invade the North, capture all the blacks -- including and maybe especially women, to be taken South, and sold.

No -- he did not order them to capture "escaped slaves" but to just grab the blacks.  The reports at the time were clear.  It had nothing to do with finding escaped slaves.   It had to do with grabbing blacks.

  Whether or not they had been slaves, or were born free in the North, or freed by purchase, did not matter to Lee.  He did not sort them.

And Lee turned every one of those people into slaves.  They were taken South, and sold as slaves.

And there is more.   Much much more. None of which your  history teacher is going to tell you. Probably because they are too busy telling you the myth, of an honorable brave man, who actually never existed



Did you know that the Union army returned two trunks of Lee's personal papers, back to the Lee family, after the war?

Well, historians sure knew, and wanted to get their hands on those papers -- including slave ledgers -- but no one was allowed to even see them up close, for 150 years.

The historians assumed -- stupidly  it turns out -- that Lee's papers would just confirm what a great guy he was: anti slavery, kind,  brave, loyal to his country and wife,  and with tender concern for he well being of his "servants"

Uh, not so much.

Then the  Lee family let one -- ONE -- person study them:  Elizabeth Pryor.  She would not dare show us one page of his ledgers, nor show one comment to his bounty hunters, to or from them.

But she wrote a very very careful book about those dirty letters, the slave ledgers, the bounty hunter reports -- and never even described them in a candid way.

And  no wonder -- if she wrote "Lee's slave ledgers"   even stupid people would go "Oh, let's see them".

Instead Pryor wrote the innocuous "monthly account books"  and did not make it clear in that page, what amazing info she got from those "account books".

She was able to learn what price Lee paid for which slave, where he sold the slaves, which bounty hunter he paid.   She gave us a few amazing details, but did not scare you to death. 




There is no debate, or question, that Lee ordered soldiers to capture free women, in the North, on his invasion of the North. No one even thought much of it.

Harper's Weekly reported the capture of hundreds of free blacks, living in the North, by Lee's army. They were taken South, and sold.

But how does this come down, in history? 

Entirely white washed. Lee's hands -- and  name -- not even near any article about it.

Even more, they try to make it seem like "slaves" were rounded up. FUCK NO.   They were free blacks. Anyone they could find that was black, or close to black.

And -- they were SOLD. S O L D. They were taken South, and send to slave auctions.  Furthermore, Lee did much the same thing before the Civil War, using his own bounty hunters, per his own hand written slave ledgers. 

  At the time, it was matter of factly spoke of in terms of Lee's army.  And people know about cattle drives of blacks, at least people in the South did. 

No one reported that "escaped slaves" were rounded  up. That shit was added later.

And Lee's name removed.  So by the time it gets to us, if you hear the story at all, you will think "Confederates"  were going after escaped slaves. FUCK NO.

Typical -- very typical way to remove the harsh reality of who did what.   And remember, no one went "Oh my GOD Lee ordered the round up of hundreds of free blacks -- I thought he was against slavery".  

People knew the kind of shit slave owners did. 

You don't know it, but cattle drives of humans -- called 

But what you never heard at all (if you heard about Lee orders to soldiers to capture free blacks in the North) is that Lee did the same thing before the war -- using bounty hunters.
1000 ways to say he tortured girls, bought kidnapped girls, and was obsessed with slave GIRLS

The big problem today, we are fed this horseshit that some slave owners were kind, noble, even caring men. Bull shit.

And worse, we use Lee as an example of one of the better slave owners.  Bullshit.  He was one of the worst. 

Pryor even tells us that Lee's slaves said he was "the worst man we ever saw".

Think of that. Think real hard.  Pryor didn't tell us the context of that remark -- was it in a letter about rapes, tortures, sale of children?  

No way to tell. And Pryor made damn sure we had no way to tell.

But at least she said something about it.  No one else even dared do 1/10 of that much.


Turns out, Lee wrote dirty letters, meaning sexually explicit letters, FOR DECADES.  Pryor is not about to show the letters, she presents everything in an exceedingly careful way.

He also kept slave ledgers -- Pryor is not about to call them "slave ledgers" --she calls them "monthly account books".   Had she shown one page, we would know 100 times what she volunteered to us, in her careful way.  And Pryor could gather copious information from those slave ledgers-- who he bought, who he sold, who he rented out.

Name by name, she had that information in her hand.  She knew the highest prices he paid for escaped slaves -- and she knew how much he paid for "others.".  Pryor refers to the women Lee bought from bounty hunters as "others"  when she very deftly writes about bounty hunters catching run away slaves in the North.  They also brought back "others".

And oh, by the way, technically, she says, Lee might have "broken the law".  Pryor is comical, sometimes. In this case, she has Lee be the victim. Lee "failed to fill out time time consuming paperwork" concerning these "others".

What the fuck paperwork does she think even existed to grab "others".  There was no paperwork and she knew that. But she had to say something, as you will see.


If you don't know slave plantations were vile places, get the fuck off this blog.  And Lee was more cruel -- not less cruel -- than others.

Pryor does mention that Lee would "separate"  family members.  WTF -- why not say what that means?  It means, in blunt terms, Lee sold the mother, or sold the child.  Family memember?  She is well aware that slaves did not know who their father was, because often, the father was a white man.

It could  only be Lee sold or rented out the mother, or the child.  She could tell us -- she had to know, to write what she did write. She had to know something happened, to say "separated family members".

And she sure as hell did not make it clear. Like everything, she wrote it in a way to NOT make it clear. To KEEP the reader stupid. 

But no one else even hinted that Lee wrote to assorted women, for DECADES, and would make sexual references.  

No one even hinted Lee bought kidnapped women.  


Orwellian Bullshit.